Jennifer De Francisco

Reference

What is Co-Dependency?

Although there is no diagnosis for Co-Dependency in the DSM-V (the diagnostic manual most often used by clinicians) it can be a useful concept in

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Therapy

How to Stop a Temper Tantrum

Nothing brings dread and helplessness into the heart of a toddler’s parent quite like a tantrum: they seem to happen at the most inopportune moments

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Therapy

What is Ego Psychology?

Newport Beach, Orange County- With the publication of The Ego and The Id (1932), Freud introduced his structural model of the mind consisting of three

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Reference

What is Self-Psychology?

In the 1960’s, psychologists began to notice that there were a group of patients that were not well described by current Freudian, Cognitive Behavioral, or

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denial
Defense Mechanisms

Defense Mechanism of the Week: Denial

We all use defense mechanisms to protect ourselves psychologically from uncomfortable thoughts, feelings, and experiences.  Some defense mechanisms are more adaptive to the ego, while

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